Import

The percentage of services in Estonia's import is slightly over one fifth and various transport as well as travel services are the main import articles. As the import of transport services quite largely depends on competition and economic development – e.g. the success of the Estonian aviation company decreases the importance of the services offered by other aviation companies - the accumulating wealth of the people makes travelling around the world more and more popular.

Among the goods imported into Estionia various investment goods – engineering products and machinery as well as different vehicles and means of transport - enjoy a fairly high percentage. Raw material (fuel, metals, timber etc) has to be imported as well. Estonia naturally also imports all kinds of consumer goods: as Estonia does not produce household appliances, all these are imported, the same goes for home electronics. Various foodstuffs, clothing articles and design products are imported: mostly those of the kind not produced in Estonia. As the Estonian industry is becoming more and more multifaceted, the import of those products has slightly decreased. However, the prices of goods produced in Estonia are often higher than imported goods, and as Estonia has not used any major trade barriers, imported and subsidised goods have in many cases sabotaged the local production initiative.

The majority of the imports comes from the European Union, a considerable part of it from Finland. Numerous Finnish companies have expanded their business into Estonia and therefore the goods and raw materials are brought from Finland. A noteworthy amount of the imports originates from Germany and Sweden but also from Italy, France, Great Britain and Denmark.

The CIS plays a more important role in Estonia's imports than it does in the exports as a notable share of fuel and raw material is brought from there. In addition to Russia and Ukraine goods are imported from Byelorussia and Central Asia (mainly cotton). Ferrous metals are brought from Ukraine and also railway equipment and rolling stock. Import of fuels from Russia largely move to other EU countries and also to the USA. The import of metals, means of transport (mostly for the railway), chemical products and timber has increased.

Instead of Russia, Estonia now gets most of its fuel supply from Lithuania where the Mazeikiu oil refinement plant is situated. Additionally, Lithuania supplies Estonia with various food products (including the majority of tobacco products) and chemical products. Latvia provides timber and various engineering products and machinery besides foodstuffs and chemical products.

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